Ｓｕｇａｗａｒａ ｎｏ Ｍｉｃｈｉｚａｎｅ
Sugawara no Michizane, the son of Sugawara no Koreyoshi (Professor of Literature), was born on June 25, 845 in Kyoto. At the age of 26, after four years of graduate study at the university, he passed the civil service examination, where he was the only individual in the ninth century who passed the examination in the age below 30. At the age of 33, he was, as his father and his grandfather were, appointed to Professor of Literature. In January of 886, Michizane at the age of 42 was appointed to the governor of Sanuki, where, during his four year term, he well recognized the Tang-type tax system adopted in a comprehensive code of law in 701became tenuous due to the monopolization of land by powerful families and to discretionary imposed tax burden. Backed by Emperor Uda who had heavily been distressed at recognizing the powerful influences exerted by the Fujiwara families and who wanted to entrust the government to men of ability and virtue, Michizane was gradually promoted to high offices, and, in 899, at the age of 55, Michizane was promoted to Minister of Right and Fujiwara no Tokihira, the young head of the dominant aristocratic Fujiwara families, to Minister of Left, where these ministers represented the council of the state.On the 25th of January in 901, the imperial edict proclaiming the expulsion of Michizane to Dazaifu, Kyushu was issued without the retired experor Uda. Michizane deceased on the 25th February in 903 at the age of 59 in exile, where he left to us a superb set of Chinese Kanshi, amply representing his scholarly talent, sincerity and truthfulness, entitled Kanke-Koshu. After his demise, the powerful positions of the council of the state in Heian era were monopolized by Fujiwara families. Michizane's soul was enshrined in Dazaifu Tenmangu in 919, in Kitano Tenmangu in 947, in many other shrines throughout Japan, and in 1657 in Komatsu Tenmangu.
Maeda Toshitune, the fourth son of Maeda Toshitune, the first feudal lord of Kaga-han, was born on November 25, 1593 in Kanazawa Castle. At the age of 8, he was chosen by the second lord Maeda Toshinaga to be the successor and was engaged to the second daughter of Tokugawa Hidetada, the second shogun of the Tokugawa Bakufu, became the third feudal lord at the age of 13. At the siege of Osaka Castle (1614-1615), Toshitune sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu. Though, after the battle, Ieyasu was ready to grant a larger fiefdom in Shikoku's four domains, Toshitune firmly refused and was again made lord of three domains of Kaga, Noto, and Ecchu, a domain of one million koku. In spite of many difficult situations such as the Bakufu's willingness to dismiss the defeated Toyotomi-related feudal lords and the early loss of his able eldest son, the fourth lord of Mitsutaka, he had strived for establishing sustainable provincial economy of Kaga-han by promoting arts, crafts, various industries, and social infrastuructures such as the construction of Tatsumi irrigation channel serving water to the domain capital city, Kanazawa in 1632, and the development of the western sea route to Dojima rice market in 1639. Though Toshitune retired in Komats Castle in 1640, he was the effective lord of three domains and successfully executed from 1651 to 1657 major agrarian and tax reforms called Kaisaku-ho so as to mitigate severe social unrests occured in famine years and to improve the quantity and quality of rice production on a sustainable level. After his demise in 1658 at the age of 66, his soul had been enshrined in Komatsu Jinjya in the Kaga-han's Gunpowder Production Mill near Tatsumi water channel. Komatsu Jinjya was invited to Komatsu Tenmangu in 1937.